Ketogenic Diet – Why Going Keto Might Help You

By March 15, 2018Keto
Pruvit Keto and the ketogenic diet

Ketogenic Diet – Why Going Keto Might Help You

The goal of a ketogenic diet is to improve health through a metabolic change in which the primary cellular fuel source switches from carbohydrate-based fuels (glucose) to fat fuels and fat metabolism products called ketones.  This is achieved through a metabolic process called ketogenesis and when this occurs it is called ketosis. Ketosis is a normal metabolic pathway in which the bodies cells utilize ketones to make energy, instead of relying on sugar or carbohydrate. Humans have developed an evolutionary ability to burn ketones as an adaptation to periods of time when food was unavailable.

A great deal of research is being done on ketosis as it relates to disease because ketone bodies have some very beneficial effects on the human body. Being in the state of ketosis is an effective treatment for many disease conditions because the presence of ketone bodies in the blood improves our health at the cellular level, specifically in the function of cellular energy pathways and mitochondrial health.  Ketogenic diets are now being used to treat medical conditions such as diabetes, epilepsy, autism, Alzheimer’s, cancer and others and much of the success of these treatments is rooted in these cellular effects.

 

WHAT DOES A KETOGENIC DIET LOOK LIKE?

]The low-carbohydrate, ketogenic diet involves following a higher fat, moderate protein, low carb food plan. Many people think of ketogenic diets as high protein diets (Atkins diet), but this is not the case. There are differences in how most people view low carb diet plans and a ketogenic diet plan, and these differences center around the amount of carbohydrate and protein allowed on a daily basis:

A ketogenic diet requires tracking the carb amounts in the foods eaten and reducing carbohydrate intake to about 20-60 grams per day. For some people, less than 100 grams per day may work, but this level of carb intake is too high for most people to achieve ketosis. In addition, the daily protein requirement should be driven by an ideal body weight or lean body mass. Protein intake also depends on height, gender and the amount of exercise done. Eating too much protein can interfere with ketosis. The balance of calories after calculating carbs and protein requirements will be from fats. These ratios ensure that most people go into ketosis and stay in that state. The state of ketosis has some beneficial effects so this is an important goal, especially for those people with health issues.
The ketogenic diet typically works out to about 70-75% of calories from fat, 20-25% from protein, and 5-10% from carbohydrate on a daily basis (calories are not restricted).
The key to correctly implement a ketogenic diet is to remember that you are exchanging carbohydrate-containing foods with a higher fat intake and a moderate protein consumption.

Why high fat and moderate protein? Fats have little to no effect on blood sugar and insulin levels. Protein does affect both blood sugar and insulin. If you eat too much protein for your ideal body weight or lean muscle mass (usually more than 1.5-2.0 grams/kg lean body mass), it can spark gluconeogenesis and raise blood sugar and protein will also spike blood insulin levels temporarily. Higher insulin levels will interfere with ketone body production. In addition, eating a diet that is heavy on lean protein (without enough fat) can make one sick with a condition known as “rabbit starvation“. It can also wreck the metabolism in other ways.

Typical Ketogenic Marco nutrient ratio:

RECOMMENDED FOODS AND OILS TO MAXIMIZE AND ACHIEVE THE KETO LIFESTYLE

Recommended Oils

  • Coconut Oil
  • MCT Oil
  • Olive Oil
  • Avocado Oil
  • Sunflower Oil
  • Walnut Oil
  • Pumpkin Oil
  • Butter (Grass-fed, organic)
  • Ghee (Grass-fed, organic)
  • Duck fat (organic)

Recommended Proteins

  • Beef
  • Ground Beef (prefer 15% fat or greater )
  • Chicken (with skin)
  • Eggs (whole)
  • Eggs (yolk)
  • Fish
  • Lamb
  • Shellfish
  • Turkey
  • Veal / Pork

Recommended Carbs 

  • Asparagus
  • Avocado
  • Broccoli
  • Cauliflower
  • Celery
  • Cucumber
  • Garlic
  • Green Beans
  • Onions
  • Fermented Dill Pickles
  • Lettuce
  • Shallots
  • Spinach
  • Acorn Squash
  • Butternut Squash
  • Snow Peas
  • Spaghetti Squash
  • Dark Leafy Greens

Recommended Snacks

  • Cheese *
  • Nuts
  • Seeds
  • Olives
  • Radishes
  • Sardines
  • Eggs
  • Avocado
  • Any of the preferred meats like salami or bacon

*Choose low allergy cheeses such as sheep or goat cheese. If you can tolerate cow cheese, choose cheeses like mozzarella or cream cheese. As always, choose cheeses from grass-fed animals!

*If optimal results are not achieved eliminate all dairy.

Exogenous Ketone Supplement

It is very difficult for 99% of people to achieve nutritional ketosis through diet alone. Achieving nutritional ketosis can take anywhere from 3 days to a few weeks, depending on how strict and active a person is. Maintaining a state of ketosis is even more difficult. Many people that attempt to achieve nutritional ketosis ultimately give up before they actually achieve ketosis and if they do achieve ketosis they end up kicking themselves out because they had 1 too many strawberries or an ounce more protein than the should have.

This is where exogenous ketones come in. By supplementing with a ketone drink (Keto//OS) you can achieve an elevated state of ketones (enter the state of Ketosis) regardless of your diet. Research has suggested that ketone supplements can and are extremely beneficial. In addition to the health benefits associated with ketosis supplementing with a ketone supplement such as Keto//OS, you can prevent/avoid the Keto Flu

How Best to use Exogenous Ketone Supplement (Keto//OS by Pruvit)

Ketone Supplement for Weight Loss (Fat Loss)

  1. Once you get hungry in the morning take the ketone supplement (Mix in 12-16 oz of water and drink slowly over a 10-15 min period of time). Consider this as your meal
  2. See if you can wait, eat your first meal between 11-1. (Have a fatty snack ready if hungry earlier than 11)
  3. Eat till full, don’t overeat

Ketone Supplementation for Athletic Performance

LCHF Athlete

  • If the workout is 1 hour or less and heart rate is below 65% max, take 1 full serving Keto//OS 30 minutes prior to workout
  • If the workout is longer than 1 hour and heart rate is below 65% max, take a 2nd serving of Keto//OS 90 minutes into the workout and repeat every hour (consume additional servings within 10-20 mins)
  • If heart rate is above 65% consider increasing Keto//OS dose and add Glucose* *(increase Keto//OS serving to 1 1/2 serving. Additional testing needed)
  • If Heart rate is increased quickly (Hill Climb), take 1 full serving of Keto//OS 1 hour prior to workout and again 30 minutes prior

 

Non-Keto Adapted Athlete

  • If the workout is 1 hour or less and heart rate is below 65% max, take 1 1/2 serving of Ketone Supplement (Keto//OS) 30 minutes prior to your workout.
  • If the workout is longer than 1 hour and heart rate is below 65% max, take the 2nd serving of ketone supplement (Keto//OS) 90 minutes into the workout and repeat every 90 minutes (consume additional servings within 10-20 mins).
  • If heart rate is above 65% consider increasing ketone supplement (Keto//OS) dose and add Glucose* *(increase Keto//OS to 2 servings.  Additional testing needed)
  • If Heart rate is increased quickly (Hill Climb), take 1 1/2 serving of ketone supplement 1 hour prior to workout and again 30 minutes prior.

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